On this day in 1710 - June 21st - Scottish telescope maker and astronomer James Short was born.
Short produced the first telescopes with nearly distortionless mirrors, and was the principal British collator and computer of the 'Transit of Venus' observations made throughout the world on 6 June 1761.
It was decided that the observatory should be built so that the Paris meridian passed through the center of the building, dividing it into two symmetrical parts. Built by order of King Louis XIV, the Paris Observatory was the first national observatory.
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