On this day in 1997 - October 30th - the European Space Agency (ESA) launched its first successful Ariane 5 rocket.
The Ariane 5, Europe's most powerful launch vehicle, has been used to launch the XMM-Newton X-ray observatory, numerous telecom satellites, all of the International Space Station ATV resupply ships, the Herschel Space Observatory, and the Rosetta mission.
On this day in 1919 - November 1st - Anglo-Austrian mathematician and cosmologist Hermann Bondi was born.
Bondi was a distinguished academic, Fellow of the Royal Society, and among many positions outside academia, he served as Director-General of the European Space Research Organisation (ESRO) (1967â€“1971) (which later became the European Space Agency, ESA).
On this day in 2013 - November 5th - the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) launched the Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM).
MOM - also called Mangalyaan ("Mars-craft" in Sanskrit) was India's first interplanetary mission. In September 2019 it completed its fifth year in orbit and is expected to have enough propellant for another year.
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