On this day in 1745 - August 30th - German astronomer Johann Hieronymus SchrÃ¶ter was born.
He built his own observatory and devoted himself primarily to solar and planetary astronomy. His two volumes on lunar topography reached levels of detail that were to remain unsurpassed for many years.
On this day in 1913 - August 31st - English radio astronomer Bernard Lovell was born.
Lovell was a pioneer of radio astronomy and founded the Jodrell Bank Observatory in Cheshire, England in 1945. When the telescope was built there - later named the Lovell Telescope - it was for many years the largest steerable radio telescope in the world.
On this day in 1970 - September 3rd - NASA cancelled the last two planned lunar landings.
Apollos 18 and 19 were officially cancelled following cuts to NASAâ€™s budget for 1971. The Cold War political point had been made and the public had also lost interest after the excitement of Apollo 11.
On this day in 1908 - September 5th - Edoardo Amaldi, the Italian cosmic-ray physicist, was born.
The reconstruction of the Italian scientific environment after World War II was due almost entirely to Amaldi, and he was one of the founding fathers of the European Space Research Organisation which would later become the ESA - European Space Agency.
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