I posted this in the Native American forum as well.

This comes from History.com's newsletter.

January 8: General Interest
1877 : Crazy Horse fights last battle

On this day in 1877, Crazy Horse and his warriors--outnumbered, low on
ammunition and forced to use outdated weapons to defend
themselves--fight their final losing battle against the U.S. Cavalry
in Montana.

Six months earlier, in the Battle of Little Bighorn, Crazy Horse and
his ally, Chief Sitting Bull, led their combined forces of Sioux and
Cheyenne to a stunning victory over Lieutenant Colonel George Custer
(1839-76) and his men. The Indians were resisting the U.S.
government's efforts to force them back to their reservations. After
Custer and over 200 of his soldiers were killed in the conflict, later
dubbed "Custer's Last Stand," the American public wanted revenge. As a
result, the U.S. Army launched a winter campaign in 1876-77, led by
General Nelson Miles (1839-1925), against the remaining hostile
Indians on the Northern Plains.

Combining military force with diplomatic overtures, Nelson convinced
many Indians to surrender and return to their reservations. Much to
Nelson's frustration, though, Sitting Bull refused to give in and fled
across the border to Canada, where he and his people remained for four
years before finally returning to the U.S. to surrender in 1881.
Sitting Bull died in 1890. Meanwhile, Crazy Horse and his band also
refused to surrender, even though they were suffering from illness and

On January 8, 1877, General Miles found Crazy Horse's camp along
Montana's Tongue River. U.S. soldiers opened fire with their big
wagon-mounted guns, driving the Indians from their warm tents out into
a raging blizzard. Crazy Horse and his warriors managed to regroup on
a ridge and return fire, but most of their ammunition was gone, and
they were reduced to fighting with bows and arrows. They managed to
hold off the soldiers long enough for the women and children to escape
under cover of the blinding blizzard before they turned to follow

Though he had escaped decisive defeat, Crazy Horse realized that Miles
and his well-equipped cavalry troops would eventually hunt down and
destroy his cold, hungry followers. On May 6, 1877, Crazy Horse led
approximately 1,100 Indians to the Red Cloud reservation near
Nebraska's Fort Robinson and surrendered. Five months later, a guard
fatally stabbed him after he allegedly resisted imprisonment by Indian

In 1948, American sculptor Korczak Ziolkowski began work on the Crazy
Horse Memorial, a massive monument carved into a mountain in South
Dakota. Still a work in progress, the monument will stand 641 feet
high and 563 feet long when completed.

Last edited by WrestlingEditorVance; 01/08/08 08:50 PM.

Vance Rowe
Crime Editor